Born  : – October, 15 , 1931, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu
Death  : – 27 July 20 15, Shillong, Meghalaya
Post / Function  : – The Former President of India

 Achievements : –

As a scientist and engineer, he worked on several important projects of Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

 Dr. A. P.J. Abdul Kalam was a noted Indian scientist and the 11th President’s of India’s. He served in some of the most important organizations in the country (DRDO and ISRO). He also played an important’s role’s in the 1998 Pokhran II nuclear test. Dr. Kalam was also involved with India’s space program and missile development program. For this reasons he is also called ‘Missile Man’. In 2002, Kalam was elected President of India and after serving a 5-year term, he returned to teaching, writing, and public service. He was honored with several prestigious awards including Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor.

 Early Life : –

 Avul Pakir Zainul Abidin Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu to a Muslim family. His father’s Zainulabidin was a sailor and his mother Ashiamma was a homemaker’s. His family’s financial condition was not good, so he had to work from a young age. Balam Kalam used to distribute newspaper’s after school to help his father financially. During his school days, Kalam was normal in studies but always ready and willing to learn something new. He had a hunger for learning and he used to pay attention to studies for hours. He did his schooling from Ramanathapuram Schwartz Matriculation School and then attended St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirapalli, from where he graduated in 1954 in physics. He then moved to Madras’s in the year 1955 from where he studied aerospace engineering. In the year 1960, Kalam completed his engineering studies from Madras Institute of Technology.

 Carrier : –

 After completing his engineering studies from the Madras Institute of Technology, Kalam joined the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) as a scientist. Kalam started his career’s by designing a small helicopter for the Indian Army. Kalam was not getting satisfaction’s from his works in DRDO. Kalam Pandit was also a member of the Indian National Committee for Space Research constituted by Jawaharlal Nehru. During this time he got’s an opportunity to works with the famous space scientist Vikram Sarabhai. In 1969, he was transferred to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). Here he was appointed as the director of India’s satellite launch vehicle project. As a result of the success of this project, India’s first satellite ‘Rohini’ was placed in the Earth’s orbit in the year 1980. Joining ISRO was the most important turning point of Kalam’s career and when he started work on the satellite launch vehicle project, he felt as if he was doing the same work as he thought.

 During 1963–64, he also visited NASA, a USA space organization’s. Atomic scientist Raja Ramanna, under whose supervision India conducted its first nuclear test, also invited Kalam to see the nuclear test at Pokhran in 1974.

 In the seventies and eighties, Dr. Kalam became very famous in India with his works and successes and he was named among the greatest scientists of the country. His fame had grownups so much that the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi allowed him to works on some secrets projects without the approvals of his cabinet’s.

 The Government of India started the ambitious ‘Integrated Guided Missile Development Program’ under Dr. Kalam. He was the Chief Executive of this project. The project has given missiles like Agni and Prithvi to the country’s.

 From July 1992 to December 1999, Dr. Kalam was the Scientific Advisor to the Prime Minister and Secretary of the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO). India conducted its second nuclear test during this period. He played an important role in it. R. Dr. Kalam was the coordinator of the project along with Chidambaram. The media coverage found during this made him the country’s largest nuclear scientist.

 In 1998, Dr. Kalam along with heart physician Soma Raju developed a low-cost coronary stent. It was named as ‘Kalam-Raju Stent’.

 President of India : –

 In view of his achievement’s and fame’s as a defense scientist’s, N. D. A. The coalition government made him the presidential candidate in the year 2002. He defeated his rival Lakshmi Sehgal by a huge margin and was sworn in as the 11th President of India on 25 July 2002. Dr. Kalam was the third President of the country’s who had been awarded the Bharat Ratna even before he became President. Earlier, Dr. Radhakrishnan and Dr. Zakir Hussain were awarded ‘Bharat Ratna’ before becoming President. During his tenure he was called the ‘President of the people’. At the top of his terms, he also expressed his desires for a second terms, but due to lack of opinion among political parties, he abandoned the thought .

 At the end of the terms of 12th President’s Pratibha Patil, his name was once again in the discussion as the next possible President’s but due to lack of consensus, he abandoned the idea of his candidature.

 Time after retirement : –

 After his retirement from the post of President, Dr. Kalam was engaged in work like teaching, writing, guidance and research and was associated with visiting institutions like Indian Institute of Management, Shillong, Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, Indian Institute of Management, Indore, etc. . 

In addition, he was a Fellow of the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Chancellor of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Anna University, Chennai, Professor of Aerospace Engineering.

 He also taught information technology at IIIT Hyderabad, Banaras Hindu University and Anna University.

 Kalam always talked about the youth of the country and how to improve their future. In this regard, he also started the ‘What Can I Give’ initiatives for the youth’s of the country’s, which aims to eliminated corruption.

Considering his popularity’s among the youth of the country’s, he received 2 times (2003 & 2004) ‘M.T.V. Was nominated for the ‘Youth Icon of the Year Award’.

Dr. Kalam Life’s movie : –

 The Hindi film’s ‘I Am Kalam’ released in 2011 is influenced by his life’s.

Dr. Kalam Book’s :- 

 Apart from teaching, Dr. Kalam has also written several books, which are prominent in ‘India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium’, ‘Wings of Fire: An Autobiography’, ‘Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India’, ‘Mission India’. , ‘Indomitable Spirit’ etc.

 Awards and honors : –

 For his works done for the country’s and society’s, Dr. Kalam was awarded with many awards. About 40 universities awarded him an honorary doctorate and the Government of India honored him with the Padma Bhushan, the Padma Vibhushan and the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor.

 Warssammansngtn 2014 Doctor of Sainsadinberg University, UK in 2012 Doctor of Laws (honorary) Simon Fraser University in 2011 IEEE Honorary Sdasytaaiiii 2010 Doctor of Inginiyringwatrlu University 2009 Honorary Doctoretokland University 2009 Hoover’s Medal ASME Foundation’s, USA 2009 International’s Karmana von Wings Purskarkalifornia Institute’s of Technology’s, USA 2008 Doctor of Inginiyringnanyang Technological’s University, Singapore 2007 Charles II Pdkroyl Society, UK 2007 Sciences honorary Doctorates Wolver Hampton’s University, UK 2000 Ramanujan Award’s Alvers Research Centers, Chennai 1998 Veer Savarkar Award’s India’s Government’s 1997 Indira Gandhi Award’s for Nationals Integrations Indian Nationals Congress 1997 India Ratna India Government 1994 Distinguished Fellow Institute of Directors (India) 1990 Padma Vibhushan Bharat Government 1981 Padma Bhushan Government of India

 Death : –

On 27 July 2015, he suffered a heart attack while teaching work at the Indian Institute of Management, Shillong, after which Dr. Abdul Kalam, beloved and favorite of crores of people, went to Perlok Sidhar.

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