Kalpana Chawla Life story was a time when girls were not allowed outside the walls of the house, but with changing times the thinking of parents changed and in today’s Internet era, girls have now reached the space. If we talk about the first Indian woman to go into space, then the first name will be Kalpana Chawla.

Born  : – 17 March 1962, 
Death  : – February 1, 2003, over Texas
Post  : – Astronaut, space shuttle mission specialist 


  Kalpana Chawla was a time when girls were not allowed outside the walls of the house, but with changing times the thinking of parents changed and in today’s Internet era, girls have now reached the space. If we talk about the first Indian woman to go into space, then the first name will be Kalpana Chawla.

  Kalpana not only achieved achievements in the world of space, but also taught all the students to live their dreams. Even though the fantasy flight stopped with the Columbia Space Shuttle crashing on February 1, 2003, it is still an example to the world. His words became true in which he said that I am made for space only. 

  She was the second Indian woman to go on a space trip. Before Kalpana Chawla, Rakesh Sharma of India went into space in 1984 by a Soviet spacecraft. One special thing about Kalpana is that she had expressed her desire to become an engineer from her father in the 8th grade.

However his father wanted Kalpana to become a doctor or teacher. Kalpana started 252 revolutions of the earth at the age of just 35, not only the country but the world was shocked.




Kalpana Chawla was an Indian home & American liveing astronaut and space shuttle mission specialist. She was the alternate’s Indian and the first Indian woman to go into the space. Kalpana was one of the seven astronaut crew member’s killed in the ‘Columbia’s spacecraft disaster’. Kalpana’s first space flight STS 87 The Colombian shuttle’s was completed between 19 November 1997 and 5 December 1997.

Early life : –

        Kalpana Chawla was born on 17-03-1962 in Karnal, Haryana. His father’s name is Banarasi Lal Chawla’s and mother’s name is Sanjyoti devi. Kalpana was the youthful of four siblings in her family. Kalpana’s early education took place’s at the “Tagore Bal Niketan Senior Secondary school” in Karnal. Since childhood, he was fond of becoming an aeronautic engineer.

His father wanted to make him a doctor or teacher, but Kalpana used to imagine traveling in space from childhood.

  To fulfill his dream, he completed his B-Tech in Aeronautical Engineering at Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh. By then India was far behind in space, so it was necessary to go to NASA to fulfill the dreams. For this purpose, she moved to the US in 1982.

He did his M.Tech in aerospace engineering from Texas University here. Then earned a doctorate from the University of Colorado.

Kalpana married Jan Pier of France, who was a flying instructor.

Career : –

                    In 1988, he started working at NASA’s Ames Research Center as a Vice President at Overset Methods Inc. There he did exploration on CFD in V/STOL. Kalpana Chawla was certified flight educator/instructor for aeroplanes, gliders and marketable aircraft licenses. He was also certified as a marketable driver for single and multi-engine aircraft.

                       In 1991, Kalpana Chawla acquired US citizenship and applied for NASA Astronaut Corp. In March 1995, he joined NASA Astronaut Corp and was selected for the first flight in 1996.

Their first flight began on 19 November 1997 in the spacecraft Columbia (flight number STS-87). The crew had a aggregate of 6 members, including Kalpana Chawla, during this space trip. With this flight, she came the first Indian woman to travel to space and the alternate Indian. before, Rakesh Sharma of India traveled to space in 1984.

In his first flight, Kalpana Chawla traveled about 10 million mile’s (which was equivalent to about 252 revolutions of the Earth). He spent a aggregate of 372 hours in space. During this trip, he was assigned the responsibility of installing the Spartan satellite, but the satellite did not function properly, which led to two astronauts Winston Scott and Takao Doi taking a space walk to catch the satellite’s.

NASA delved/investigated for 5 months to find out the cause of the disturbance, after which it was set up/found that the fault wasn’t due to imagery but due to excrescencies/flaws in the software interface and functioning of the flight crew and ground control.

      Kalpana Chawla was entrusted with the technical responsibility of working at the ‘Space Station’ in the Astronaut office after completing the activities associated with it after her first space trip (STS-87).

           In 2002, Kalpana was selected for her second space flight. He was included in the STS-107 flight crew of the Columbia’s spacecraft. For some technical and other reasons, the campaign continued to retreat and finally on January 16, 2003, Kalpana climbed Columbia and started the STS-107 mission.

The flight team’s responsibilities included miniaturization experiments for which the team conducted 80 experiments and through which earth and space science, advanced technology development and astronaut health and safety were also studied.

Other passengers of the imagination in this expedition to the Columbia spacecraft were Commander Rick D. Husband, Pilot William C. Macool, Commander Michael P. Anderson, Ilan Ramon, David M. Brown and Laurel Clarke.

Columbia astronaut accident and Kalpana Chawla’s death : –

         India’s second woman astronaut Kalpana Chawla’s second space trip proved to be her last trip. At the time of its return after all the research, the Columbia spacecraft shattered as it entered the Earth’s atmosphere, and the spacecraft and all the seven passengers on board were destroyed. Not only NASA but it was a painful event for the whole world. 

The journey started due to technical disturbances : –

           Kalpana was also selected for another space mission in the year 2000. This space journey proved to be the last mission of his life. Their mission started with a technical flaw. Due to this, this flight was also delayed. Finally, on 16 January 2003, 7 passengers, including Kalpana, flew from Columbia STS-107.

She was returning to Earth on February 3, 2003, after spending 16 days in space, along with her 6 other colleagues. But his journey never ended. Before entering the orbit of the Earth, the spacecraft fell victim to the accident.



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