Born  : – 30 October 1909, Mumbai

Work / Post  : – Father of India’s Atomic Energy Program

 Homi Jahangir Bhabha was a great nuclear scientist of India.  He is called the father of India’s nuclear energy program.  He laid such a strong foundation for the future form of the country’s nuclear program, due to which India today stands in the queue of the world’s major nuclear-rich countries.  Dr. Bhabha, who started research in the nuclear field with the help of a handful of scientists, had already tested the potential of nuclear power and its potential use in various fields.  He started work in the field of nuclear science at a time when knowledge of unconnected chain reactions was negligible and no one was willing to accept the idea of ​​power generation from nuclear power.  He also worked on the cosmic rays that enter the atmosphere as they approach the Earth, while rendering the Casket Theory of Electrons.  He was instrumental in the establishment of ‘Tata Institute of Fundamental Research’ (TIFR) and ‘Bhabha Atomic Research Center’.  He was also the first Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission of India.

Early Life and Education  : –

 Homi Jahangir Bhabha was born on 30 October 1909 in a wealthy Parsi family in Mumbai.  His father Jahangir Bhabha was educated at Cambridge and was a well-known lawyer and at one time also worked for Tata Enterprises.  Homi’s mother also belonged to the upper house.  The library for the boy homi was made at home where he used to study books related to science and other subjects.  He did his early education at Cathedral School and then went on to study at John Cannon for further education.  From the very beginning, he was very interested in physics and mathematics.  After this, Homi passed the BSc examination from Elphinstone College Mumbai and Royal Institute of Science.  In the year 1927 he moved to England where he studied engineering at Cambridge.  There he graduated in 1930 and in 1934 he received his doctorate from the University of Cambridge.

 Homi continued to receive scholarships due to sharp intelligence during studies.  He also received an Isaac Newton Fellowship during his PhD.  He also had the opportunity to work with renowned scientists Rutherford, Derac, and Nielsbeg.

 Bhabha wanted to study physics – he studied engineering under the wishes of his family.  His passion for physics was up to an obsessive level, which is why he kept himself attached to his favorite subject, Physics, even while studying engineering.

Carrier  : –

 In the year 1939, Homi returned to India at the start of the Second World War.  By that time Homi Bhabha had gained considerable fame.  During this time he joined the Indian School of Science in Bangalore and was appointed as Reader in 1940.  A new journey started from here, after which he remained engaged in the service of science for the country till the last time.  In the Indian School of Science Bangalore, he established a separate department for the discovery of cosmic rays.

 In the year 1941, at the age of 31, Dr. Bhabha was elected a member of the Royal Society, which was a great achievement in itself.  He was made a professor in 1944.  The immediate president of the Indian School of Science and Nobel Laureate Prof.  Cv  Raman was also highly influenced by Homi Bhabha.

Research In Many Project Working  : –

 He founded the ‘Tata Institute of Fundamental Research’ in Mumbai with the help of JRD Tata and became its director in the year 1945.

 In the year 1948, Dr. Bhabha established the Atomic Energy Commission of India and represented India on international nuclear energy forums.  Apart from this, he was also the head of many more important international organizations.

 One of the most interesting things about Bhabha is that in addition to science, he had a keen interest and good interest in the fields of classical music, sculpture, painting and dance.  They encouraged painters and sculptors to buy their paintings and sculptures and decorate them at the institute in Tombre and also participate in concerts.  The first exhibition of the famous painter MF Hussain was inaugurated in Mumbai by Dr. Bhabha.

 Sir CV Raman, the great scientist and Nobel laureate of India, barely uttered words of praise to his scientific friends… but there was an exception… Dr. Homi Jahangir Bhabha.  Raman used to call him Leonardo de Vinci of India.

 In 1955, Dr. Homi Bhabha was appointed Chairman in the first conference of ‘Use of Atomic Energy for Peaceful Works’ organized by the United States Association in Geneva.  While scientists of Western countries were propagating that underdeveloped countries should first do industrial development, then nuclear power should be thought of, while Dr. Bhabha strongly contradicted it and said that Least developed nations use it peacefully and industrial development  Can do for

 Dr. Bhabha was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Physics five times, but the greatest scientist in the world of science could not get this great scientist.

 This great scientist and dreamer of India died in a plane crash in Switzerland on 24 January 1966.

 If seen, the story of his life is also the story of the creation of modern India.  In a tribute to Bhabha, JR D Tata said, “Homi Bhabha is one of the three great personalities I have had the privilege of knowing in this world.  One of these was Jawaharlal Nehru, the second was Mahatma Gandhi and the third was Homi Bhabha.  Homi was not only a great mathematician and scientist but also a great engineer, builder and gardener.  Apart from this, he was also an artist.  In fact, of all the people I have known and these two people I have mentioned, Homi is the only person… who can be called “the whole person”.

The Honor  : –

 Homi Bhabha received several honorary degrees from Indian and foreign universities

 In 1941, at the age of 31, Dr. Bhabha was elected a member of the Royal Society

 He was nominated for the five-time Nobel Prize in Physics

 Received the Adams Award in the year 1943

 Awarded Hopkins Award in the year 1948

 In the year 1959, Cambridge University conferred Dr. of Science

 In the year 1954, the Government of India decorated Dr. Bhabha with Padma Bhushan.

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