Born  : – 23 January 1897

Death  : – 18 August 1945

 Achievements  : – 

Subhash Chandra Bose gave famous slogans like ‘You give me blood, I will give you freedom’ and ‘Jai Hind’, passed the examination of Indian Administrative Service, was elected President of Congress in 1938 and 1939, Formation of Forward Block in 1939  Did, set up ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ to expel the British from the country

 Subhash Chandra Bose is also called ‘Netaji’.  He was a prominent leader of the Indian freedom struggle.  Although much credit is given to Mahatma Gandhi and Nehru for their contribution to the independence of the country, but the contribution of Subhash Chandra Bose was not less than anyone.

 Early Life  : –

 He was born on January 23, 1897 in Cuttack, Odisha.  His father’s Janaki Nath Bose was a famous lawyer.  His mother was Prabhavati Devi Sati and a religious woman.  Prabhavati and Janaki Nath had 14 children with six daughters and eight sons.  Subhash was the ninth among them.  Subhash was a promising child from childhood.  He got the first position in the tenth examination and he came first in graduation also.  He earned a degree in philosophy from the Scottish Church College, Calcutta.  At the same time, he was being recruited in the army.  He too tried to enlist in the army but was disqualified due to poor eyes.  He was a follower of Swami Vivekananda.  In 1919, according to the wishes of his family, he went to England to prepare for the Indian Administrative Service.

 Carrier  : –

 He applied for the Indian Administrative Service in 1920 and not only got success in this examination but he also secured the fourth position.  He became very distraught over the massacre of Jallianwala Bagh and resigned from the administrative service in 1921.  After coming back to India, Netaji came in contact with Gandhiji and joined the Indian National Congress.  He started working with Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das as instructed by Gandhiji.  He later described Chittaranjan Das as his political mentor.  Subhash very soon joined the main leaders of the Congress with his wisdom and hard work.  When the Simon Commission came in 1928, the Congress opposed it and showed black flags.  In 1928, the annual Congress session was held in Kolkata under the chairmanship of Motilal Nehru.  In this session, the British government was given one year to give ‘Dominion status’.  During that time Gandhiji did not agree with the demand for complete Swaraj.  At the same time, Subhash and Jawaharlal Nehru did not agree to back down from the demand of complete swaraj.  In 1930 he formed the Independence League.  During the Civil Disobedience Movement’s of 1930, Subhash was arrested and sent to jail.  He was released in 1931 after the Gandhi-Irwin Pact.  Subhash opposed the Gandhi-Irwin pact and was not happy with the decision to stop the ‘Civil Disobedience’ movement.

Revolutionary Time : –

 Subhash was soon jailed again under the ‘Bengal Act’.  During this time, he had to stay in jail for about a year and later due to illness he was released from jail.  He was sent from India to Europe.  There, he established centers in several cities to enhance political and cultural relations between India and Europe.  Despite his ban on coming to India, he came to India and as a result he had to go to jail for 1 year.  After the elections of 1937, the Congress Party came to power in 7 states and Subhash was released after that.  Shortly thereafter, Subhash was elected President at the Haripura Session of Congress (1938).  During his tenure, Subhash formed the ‘National Planning Committee’s’.  Subhash was re-elected as Speaker’s in the Tripuri Session of 1939.  This time Subhash was facing Pattabhi Sitaramaiya.  Sitaramaiya had full support of Gandhiji, yet Subhash won the election by 203 votes.  During this time, the clouds of the Second World War were also engulfed and Subhash gave the British an ultimatum to leave the country in 6 months.  Subhash’s attitude was also opposed by other Congressmen including Gandhiji due to which he resigned from the post of President and established the ‘Forward Block’.

 Subhash strongly opposed the use of India’s resources in World War II by the British and started a mass movement against it.  His movement’s was getting tremendous support from the public.  Therefore, he was imprisoned in Kolkata and kept under house arrest.  In January 1941, Subhash managed to escape from his home and reached Germany via Afghanistan.  In view of the notion that ‘enemy’s enemy is friend’, he called for help from Germany and Japan to expel the British Raj from India.  In January 1942, he started broadcasting from Radio Berlin’s, which encouraged the people of India’s.  In 1943, he came to Singapore from Germany.  Arriving in East Asia, he took command of the ‘Freedom Movement’ from Ras Bihari Bose and started the war preparations by forming the Azad Hind Fauj.  The Azad Hind Fauj was established by the Japanese army primarily with Indian armies held by the British forces.  Subhash came to be called ‘Netaji’.  Now Azad Hind Fauj started moving towards India and firstly liberated Andaman and Nicobar.  The Azad Hind Fauj crossed the border of Burma and arrived on Indian soil on 18 March 1944.

 With the defeat of Japan and Germany in World War II, the dream of Azad Hind Fauj could not be fulfilled.

 The death  : –

 It is believed that he died in a plane crash in Taiwan on 18 August 1945 but no evidence of his accident could be found.  The death of Subhash Chandra is still a matters of controversy and Indian history’s is the biggest doubt’s.

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