Shaheed Bhagat Singh Life Story   : –

Name  : – Bhagat Singh
Birth  : – 27 September 1907
Died  : – March 23, 1931

 Achievements  : –

     Gave a replacement direction to the revolutionary movements of India, formed the Youth Bharat Sabha to spread the message of revolution in Punjab’s, formed the Hindustan Samajwadi Republic Associations with Chandrashekhar Azad to establish a republic in India, Lala Lajpat Revenge of Rai’s death to kill police officer Saunders, bomb in Central Legislative Assembly together with Batukeshwar Dutt
      Shaheed Bhagat Singh was one of the leading revolutionaries of the Indian freedom struggle. At the age of just 24, this hero who made the supreme sacrifice for the country became immortal forever. For him, revolution meant changing the situation created by injustice. Bhagat Singh read about the European revolutionary movement and was highly attracted to socialism. According to him, gaining political power was necessary for the overthrow of British rule and the reconstruction of Indian society.
              Although the British government declared him a terrorist, Sardar Bhagat Singh was personally a critic of terrorism. Bhagat Singh gave a new direction to the revolutionary movements in India. His then goal was to destroy the British Empire. Bhagat Singh was distinguished from other leaders of the national movement due to his foresight and strong intentions. At a time when Gandhi and the Indian National Congress were the only options for the independence of the country, Bhagat Singh emerged with a new thought as another option.

 Early Life  : –

     Bhagat Singh was born on September , 27 , 1907 in a Sikh family of Khatkar Kalan village in Nawanshahar district’s of Punjab. The name of this district has now been changed to Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar in his memory. He was the third child’s of Sardar Kishan Singh and Vidyavati. Bhagat Singh’s family was actively involved in the freedom struggle. His father’s Kishan Singh and uncle’s Ajit Singh were members of the Ghadar Party. The Ghadar Party was founded in America to expel British rule from India. The atmosphere of the family had abig impact on the mind of young Bhagat Singh and since his childhood, the spirit of patriotism filled his heart with cries.
        In 1916, while studying at DAV School in Lahore, young Bhagat Singh came in contact with well-known politicians such as Lala Lajpat Rai and Ras Bihari Bose. At that time, Punjab was politically very excited. Bhagat Singh was just 12 years old when the Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place. This massacre made him very distraught. The very next day of the murder, Bhagat Singh went to Jallianwala Bagh and collected soil from that place and kept it as a token for his whole life. This massacre further strengthened his resolve to expel the British from India.

 Revolutionary Life  : –

     In 1921, when Mahatma Gandhi gave a call for non-cooperation movement against British rule, Bhagat Singh left his studies and became active in the movement. In 1922, when Mahatma Gandhi stopped the non-cooperation movement after the violence at Chauri-Chaura in Gorakhpur, Bhagat Singh was very disappointed. His faith in non-violence weakened and he came to the conclusion that armed revolution is the only useful way to achieve freedom. To continue his studies, Bhagat Singh joined the national school established by Lala Lajpat Rai in Lahore. This school was the center of revolutionary activities and here he came in contact with Bhagwati Charan Verma, Sukhdev and other revolutionaries.

         Bhagat Singh ran away from home to Kanpur to avoid marriage. Here he came in contact with a revolutionary named Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi and learned the first lesson of the revolution. Bhagat Singh returned home when he received the news of his grandmother’s illness. He continued his revolutionary activities from his village. He went to Lahore and formed arevolutionary organization called ‘Naujawan Bharat Sabha’. He started spreading the message of revolution in Punjab’s. In the year 1928, he attended a meeting of revolutionaries in Delhi and came in contact with Chandrashekhar Azad. Together, they formed the Hindustan Socialist Democratic Union. Its main objective was to establish arepublic in India through armed revolution.
              In February 1928 a commission called Simon Commission from England visited India. The main purpose of his visit to India was – the autonomy of the people of India and participation in the monarchy. But there was no Indian member in this commission, due to which Simon decided to oppose the commission. While shouting slogans against the Simon Commission in Lahore, Lala Lajpat Rai was brutally lathi charged which left him badly injured and later succumbed. Bhagat Singh vows to kill the British officer Scott, who was responsible for his death, to avenge Lajpat Rai’s death. He accidentally killed Assistant Superintendent Saunders as Scott. Bhagat Singh had to leave Lahore to escape the death penalty.
                   The British government used more repressive policies instead of giving rights and freedom to Indians and finding the root cause of dissatisfaction. Through the Defense of India Act, the British government gave the police more repressive powers. Under this, the police could stop the procession related to suspicious activities and arrest people. This act brought in the Central Legislative Assembly was defeated by one vote. Nevertheless, the British government decided to pass it as an ordinance, calling it ‘in the public interest’. Bhagat Singh voluntarily planned to throw a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly, where a meeting was being held to pass the ordinance.

                        On 8 April 1929, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw a bomb in the Vidhan Sabha building during the Central Legislative Assembly session. No one was harmed by the bomb. They deliberately arrested him for running away from the scene. During his hearing, Bhagat Singh refused to appoint any defense counsel. In prison, he went on hunger strike to protest the inhuman treatment of fellow political prisoners by the jail authorities. On 7 October 1930, Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev and Raj Guru were sentenced to death by the special court.

Death  : –

     Bhagat Singh and his comrades were hanged early on 23 March 1931 in spite of immense pressure and numerous appeals by all political leaders of India.


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